Abstract: The Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau is a hotspot and sensitive area of global climate change. Alpine shrubland is an important vegetation type, and the spatial-temporal pattern and ecological process of its carbon, water and heat fluxes is one of the most important keys to understand the ecological functions of the Plateau. Haibei National Field Research Station for Alpine Grassland (Haibei Station) is a field station of ChinaFLUX and the eddy covariance technique has been applied to monitor the carbon, water and heat fluxes over an alpine Potentilla fruticosa shrubland for 17 years since 2003. In order to promote the development of carbon, water, and heat fluxes and other related researches in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau and even in the global alpine ecosystems, we plan to publicly publish the continuously observed carbon, water, and heat fluxes and related routine meteorological data of an alpine shrubland from 2003 to 2010. This dataset includes routine meteorological data subset (air temperature, air relative humidity, water vapor pressure, wind speed, wind direction, soil temperature, soil moisture, total radiation, net radiation, photosynthetic active radiation, and precipitation) and carbon, water and heat fluxes data subset (net ecosystem CO2 exchange flux, ecosystem CO2 respiration, gross ecosystem CO2 exchange flux, latent heat flux, sensible heat flux) at the half-hour, day, month, and year scales. This dataset provides data supporting of surface observation for scientific cognition, remote sensing retrieval, and model validation in exploring spatial-temporal patterns of carbon, water, and heat exchanges in alpine shrubland ecosystems.
Keywords: eddy covariance technique; carbon, water and heat fluxes; alpine shrubland; Potentilla fruticosa; Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau