Abstract: Alpine shrublands are an important vegetation on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, a hotspot and sensitive area of global climate change. The spatial-temporal pattern and ecological process of their carbon, water, and heat fluxes are one of the most important keys to exploring the ecological function of the Plateau. Haibei National Field Research Station for Alpine Grassland (Haibei Station) is a field station of ChinaFLUX, which has used the eddy covariance technique to monitor the carbon, water, and heat fluxes over an alpine Potentilla fruticosa shrubland for 17 years since 2003. In order to promote the development of carbon, water, and heat fluxes and other related researches in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau and even in the global alpine ecosystems, we plan to publish the routine meteorological data of carbon, water and heat fluxes over an alpine shrubland observed from 2003 to 2010. This dataset includes routine meteorological data subset (air temperature, air relative humidity, water vapor pressure, wind speed, wind direction, soil temperature, soil moisture, total radiation, net radiation, photosynthetically active radiation, and precipitation) and carbon, water, and heat fluxes data subset (net ecosystem CO2 exchange, ecosystem CO2 respiration, gross ecosystem CO2 exchange, latent heat flux, and sensible heat flux) on a half-hour, day, month, and year scale. This dataset provides field observational data support for scientific knowledge, remote sensing retrieval, and model validation in exploring spatiotemporal patterns of carbon, water, and heat exchanges in alpine shrubland ecosystems.
Keywords: eddy covariance technique; carbon, water and heat fluxes; alpine shrubland; Potentilla fruticosa; Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau