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2016–2018年四川省石渠县鼠类包虫病感染状况数据集
Dataset of rodent echinococcosis infection status in Shiqu County, Sichuan Province, 2016 – 2018
: 2019 - 01 - 23
: 2019 - 02 - 11
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摘要&关键词
摘要:四川省甘孜藏族自治州的石渠县包虫病发病率位居全国之首,半数家庭遭受包虫病的折磨。因其高感染率和高致死率,藏区人称之为“虫癌”。包虫病的防治和扶贫并列为该县的两大政治任务。中国科学院亚热带农业生态研究所野生动物生态研究团队于2016–2018年在石渠县选取包虫病发病率高的乡镇,于城镇外3公里内的草场使用夹捕法,对捕获的鼠进行解剖并记录繁殖状况,对病变脏器进行取样。另外结合石渠开展大面积灭鼠,收集灭鼠后的死鼠,解剖观察鼠对包虫病的感染情况。本数据集包含了石渠县853只高原鼠兔与青海田鼠的繁殖与染病情况等信息1万余条。本数据集的建设有利于探究包虫病的传播机制,为包虫病的防治提供数据支撑,同时对高原鼠害的监控与防治也有积极的作用。
关键词:石渠县;包虫病;高原鼠兔;青海田鼠;繁殖状况
Abstract & Keywords
Abstract: Located in Sichuan Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Shiqu County has the highest incidence of echinococcosis in China, where half of the households suffer from echinococcosis. Because of its high infection rate and high mortality rate, echinococcosis is called "bug cancer" by people in Tibetan areas. The prevention and treatment of echinococcosis is paralleled to poverty alleviation among the local government’s major two priorities. Rodent is said to be one of infection vectors, so we have done some investigation about local rodent. We selected towns with high incidences of echinococcosis in Shiqu County in 2016 – 2018. We trapped rodents on the grassland within 3 km centering the town. We then dissected them, recorded the reproduction status, and sampled the diseased organ. In addition, rodent control was carried out over a large area in Shiqu, the resultant dead bodies were collected, and the echinococcosis was observed and dissected for its infection capability. This dataset contains more than 10,000 pieces of information on the reproduction and disease infection of 853 plateau pika and Qinghai vole in Shiqu County. This dataset is conducive to exploring the transmission mechanism of echinococcosis, providing data support for the prevention and treatment of echinococcosis, and it also has a positive effect on the monitoring and prevention of plateau rodents.
Keywords: Shiqu County; Hydatid disease; Ochotona curzoniae; Lasiopodomys fuscus; Reproductive status
稿件与作者信息
姜路帆
jianglufan
郑普阳
zhengpuyang
李波
libo
郭聪
guocong
周训军
zhouxunjun
zhouxj@isa.ac.cn
张琛
zhangchen
王勇
wangyong
杨进荣
yangjinrong
张美文
zhangmeiwen
杨廷勇
yangtingyong
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