Abstract: Located in the arid Hexi Region, the Shiyang River basin is an unavoidable node along the Silk Road.The changes of human settlements along the basin have important implications for social and ecological environment studies in arid regions. This dateset is hence not only important for research on ecological environment changes in arid regions, but also essential to Silk Road studies during the historical periods. The dateset is an assemblage of human settlement information along the Shiyang River basin extracted from local records, geographical surveys, and historical maps. Through detailed textual research, the spatial location and time periods of these human settlements were identified, and they were classified into different settlement types to build the dateset of human settlements along Shiyang River basin in Qing and Republican China.
Keywords: Qing and Republican China; Shiyang River; human settlement; geographic information system