2020
Volume 5, Issue 3

Published:Sept. 30, 2020
Supervised by:Chinese Academy of Sciences
Hosted by:Computer Network Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Published by:The Editorial Office of China Scientific Data

Table of Contents
Rocks under the Microscope top

【Rocks under the Microscope】Published: Sept. 30, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 1560 50

None

Hu Xiumian, Hou Mingcai, Lai Wen
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0088.zh

【Rocks under the Microscope】Published: Sept. 30, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 1447 36

A photomicrograph dataset of Cambrian Miaolingian–Furongian carbonates at the Jiulongshan section in western Shandong

Hao Xin, Jitao Chen
Keywords: North China Platform;Cambrian;carbonate microfacies;facies analysis
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0066.zh

Abstract:The North China Platform was a typical epiric platform during the Cambrian. A variety of carbonate facies developed in the North China Platform during Cambrian Miaolingian-Furongian. This database ...

【Rocks under the Microscope】Published: Sept. 29, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 1923 38

A microscopic image dataset of Sinian carbonate from Dengying Formation on the northwestern margin of Upper Yangtze

Qi Zhe, Hou Mingcai, Xu Shenglin et al.
Keywords: northwestern margin of Upper Yangtze;Dengying Formation of the Sinian;carbonate rocks;polarized photomicrograph
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0069.zh

Abstract:The paper presents a datdaset of marine carbonate rocks from the Sinian Dengying Formation on the northwestern margin of the Yangtze, which is the first large-scale carbonate formation deposited in...

【Rocks under the Microscope】Published: Sept. 29, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 1453 32

A dataset of microscope images of Middle Cambrian rock sections from Xuzhuang Formation in Ordos Basin

Qian Hongshan, Xing Fengcun, Zhang Chunlin et al.
Keywords: micro atlas;thin section;Middle Cambrian Xuzhuang Formation;Ordos Basin
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0070.zh

Abstract:The Cambrian explosion has always been a hotspot of academic research worldwide. As a major region where global geological events and geological evolution took place, Ordos Basin has attracted scho...

【Rocks under the Microscope】Published: Sept. 29, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 1218 25

A micrograph dataset of buried hills and overlying glutenite in Bozhong Sag, Bohai Bay Basin

Liu Yanpeng, Hou Mingcai, Liu Xiaojian et al.
Keywords: Bohai Bay Basin;buried hill;granite;glutenite
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0087.zh

Abstract:The Bohai Bay Basin is bordered by the Jiaoliao uplift in the east, the Taihangshan uplift in the west, and limited by the Luxi uplift and the Yanshan fold belt in the north and south respectively....

【Rocks under the Microscope】Published: Sept. 28, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 1577 21

A microscopic image dataset of Mesozoic metamorphic grains bearing sandstones from mid-Yangtze, China

Ma Qianli, Chai Rong, Yang Jianghai et al.
Keywords: Mesozoic;metamorphic grains;mid-Yangtze;microscopic image
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0053.zh

Abstract:This paper presents a microscopic image dataset of the Triassic-Jurassic clastic rocks in mid-Yangtze. Our samples are mainly medium to coarse sandstone. We systematically analyzed and partially co...

【Rocks under the Microscope】Published: Sept. 28, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 1244 17

A micrograph dataset of Middle Jurassic clastic rocks in northeastern Ordos Basin

Chao Hui, Hou Mingcai, Cao Haiyang et al.
Keywords: geological data;micrograph data;informatization;mineralogy;sedimentology
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0062.zh

Abstract:Micrographs of thin sections have been the basis for geological research, which are even more important now than ever as big data is becoming a new engine of scientific discovery. Micrograph data i...

【Rocks under the Microscope】Published: Sept. 28, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 1297 22

A micrograph dataset of late Ordovician carbonate rocks (including bioclasts) in Northwest Tarim and South China

Chang Xiaolin, Hou Mingcai, Liu Xinchun et al.
Keywords: Upper Ordovician;Northwest Tarim;middle Yangtze region;carbonate;fossil fragment
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0059.zh

Abstract:The Late Ordovician is a crucial period in geological history, during which deposited carbonates recorded the changes of the earth’s environment, providing a foundation for studies of the extinctio...

【Rocks under the Microscope】Published: Sept. 28, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 1561 24

A photomicrograph dataset of Upper Paleozoic tight sandstone from Linxing block, eastern margin of Ordos Basin

Li Panpan, Li Yangbing, Chen Xin et al.
Keywords: thin section;tight sandstone;Linxing block;Upper Paleozoic;Ordos Basin
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0055.zh

Abstract:Large-scale tight sandstone gas reservoirs were developed from the Upper Paleozoic in the Linxing block on the eastern edge of the Ordos Basin, with Benxi, Taiyuan, Shanxi, Xiashihezi, Shangshihezi...

【Rocks under the Microscope】Published: Sept. 27, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 1253 27

A photomicrograph dataset of mid-Cretaceous rocks from Langshan Formation in northern Lhasa Terrane, Tibet

Xu Yiwei, Hu Xiumian, Sun Gaoyuan
Keywords: Lhasa terrane;mid-Cretaceous;Langshan Formation;polarized photomicrograph
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0049.zh

Abstract:Microfacies analysis constitutes the basis for studying carbonate sedimentary environments. The scholarly tendency to categorize microfacies into distinct types, however, risks ignoring the continu...

【Rocks under the Microscope】Published: Sept. 27, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 1507 41

A photomicrograph dataset of Late Cretaceous to Early Paleogene carbonate rocks in Tibetan Himalaya

Li Juan, Hu Xiumian
Keywords: photomicrograph;Carbonate;Late Cretaceous;Early Paleogene;Tibetan Himalaya
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0072.zh

Abstract:Late Cretaceous to Early Paleogene shallow marine carbonates in the Tethys Himalaya of southern Tibet importantly record the historical evolution of the northern Indian continental margin and the c...

【Rocks under the Microscope】Published: Sept. 27, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 1084 19

A micrograph dataset of terrigenous clastic rocks of Upper Devonian Lower Carboniferous Wutong Group in southern lower Yangtze

Cai Wenpeng, Hou Mingcai, Chen Hanzhi et al.
Keywords: southern lower Yangtze;Late Devonian–Early Carboniferous;Wutong Group;siliciclastic rocks;micrograph dataset
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0068.zh

Abstract:In late Caledonian orogeny, most of the southern China was exposed to and suffered from weathering and denudation in different degrees. The Devonian transgression submerged most of the Yangtze bloc...

【Rocks under the Microscope】Published: Sept. 25, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 1755 54

Standards for digital micrograph of the sedimentary rocks

Hu Xiumian, Lai Wen, Xu Yiwei et al.
Keywords: photomicrograph;unified standard;sandstones;limestones;mixed siliciclastic and carbonate rocks;sedimentary rocks
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0008.zh

Abstract:Rock is a major material for the crust and upper mantle formation of the Earth. In Earth Sciences, polarizing microscope plays an important role in the study of petrography and microscopic images. ...

【Rocks under the Microscope】Published: Sept. 25, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 1363 27

A photomicrograph dataset of sand grains from the Yarlung Tsangpo, Tibet

Dong Xiaolong, Hu Xiumian, Lai Wen
Keywords: sand grains;photomicrograph;sedimentology;machine learning;Yarlung Tsangpo;river sand
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0051.zh

Abstract:One of the key steps of river provenance analysis is to analyze and identify sand and sediment components. The traditional statistical processes are not only time-consuming and laborious, but yield...

【Rocks under the Microscope】Published: Sept. 23, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 1102 27

A photomicrograph dataset of He-8 Member sandstone from the Upper Paleozoic in northeastern Ordos Basin

Shi Ge, Hu Zuowei, Li Yun et al.
Keywords: Ordos Basin;Upper Paleozoic;He-8 Member;sandstone;microscopic image
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0054.zh

Abstract:There are abundant gas resources in the Upper Paleozoic of northern Ordos Basin. He-8 Member is the main gas production layer in Sulige gas field. But up to now, He-8 Member has been mainly studied...

【Rocks under the Microscope】Published: Sept. 21, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 1118 21

A photomicrograph dataset of Early-Middle Jurassic rocks in the Tibetan Tethys Himalaya

Han Zhong, Hu Xiumian
Keywords: thin section;polarized photomicrograph;Tethys Himalaya;Jurassic;carbonate rocks
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0048.zh

Abstract:Well exposed in the Tethys Himalaya of southern Tibet, China, the Jurassic is important for studying the evolution of paleo-ocean, paleoenvironment and paleogeography in the eastern Tethys. It is a...

【Rocks under the Microscope】Published: Sept. 18, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 1371 24

A carbonate microscopic image dataset of the Permo-Carboniferous Taiyuan Formation from the southern margin of North China Block

Ma rui, Liu chao, Yang Jianghai et al.
Keywords: south of North China;Late Paleozoic;bioclastic limestone;micrographs
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0052.zh

Abstract:In this study, we collected and sorted out the limestone micrographs of three sections from the Permo-Carboniferous Taiyuan Formation in western Henan, spanning a multiphase zone including lagoon, ...

【Rocks under the Microscope】Published: Sept. 16, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 1059 25

A photomicrograph dataset of Cretaceous siliciclastic rocks from Xigaze Forearc basin, southern Tibet

Zhang Yiqiu, An Wei, Hu Xiumian
Keywords: Southern Tibet;Xigaze forearc basin;Cretaceous;siliciclastic rocks;thin section;polarized photomicrograph
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0064.zh

Abstract:Developed along the southern margin of the Lhasa terrane, the Cretaceous Xigaze forearc basin in southern Tibet records the northward subduction of the Neo-Tethys to the Lhasa terrane. The Xigaze f...

【Rocks under the Microscope】Published: Sept. 3, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 1785 30

A carbonate micrograph dataset of Feixianguan Formation in northwestern margin of Upper Yangtze

Chai Hanbing, Xing Fengcun, Gu Qiang et al.
Keywords: northwestern margin of Upper Yangtze;Lower Triassic Feixianguan Formation;carbonate rock;biological extinction;micro-atlas
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0007.zh

Abstract:Carbonate platform-basin facies developed during the early Triassic Feixianguan Formation in the northwestern margin of the Upper Yangtze. Studies of rock characteristics under microscope, such as ...

【Rocks under the Microscope】Published: Sept. 1, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 1773 62

A photomicrograph dataset of rocks for petrology teaching at Nanjing University

Lai Wen, Jiang Jingxin, Qiu Jiansheng et al.
Keywords: thin section;polarized photomicrograph;sedimentary rocks;igneous rocks;metamorphic rocks;petrology;Nanjing University
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0071.zh

Abstract:Thin sections have always played an irreplaceable role in the nearly 100-year history of petrology teaching and research in the School of Earth Sciences and Engineering, Nanjing University. Despite...

【Rocks under the Microscope】Published: Aug. 31, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 1737 35

Polarized light micrograph dataset of Late Cretaceous-Eocene rock thin sections from western Tarim Basin, Xinjiang

Zhang Shijie, Hu Xiumian
Keywords: thin section;polarized light micrograph;carbonate rocks;western Tarim Basin;Late Cretaceous-Eocene
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0010.zh

Abstract:Late Cretaceous-Eocene carbonate rocks (with some sandstone or mixed siliciclastic-carbonate interlayers) widely expose in western Tarim Basin, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. Study of the...

【Rocks under the Microscope】Published: Aug. 31, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 2035 30

A micrograph dataset of Permian volcanolithic sandstone-laden fragments from southwest China

Feng Wei, He Feng, Zhou Yinsheng et al.
Keywords: Permian sandstone;volcanic lithic fragment;southwest China;micrographs;digitization
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0024.zh

Abstract:We collected micrographs of Permian volcanolithic sandstone-laden fragments from southwestern China and build this microscopic image dataset. This paper is an endeavor to present this dataset and t...

【Rocks under the Microscope】Published: Aug. 28, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 2063 33

Photomicrograph dataset of Cretaceous siliciclastic rocks from the central-northern Lhasa Terrane, Tibet

Lai Wen, Zhang Yiqiu, Hu Xiumian et al.
Keywords: thin section;polarized photomicrograph;siliciclastic rocks;central-northern Lhasa Terrane;cretaceous;Tibetan Plateau
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0009.zh

Abstract:At least 5 units of Cretaceous clastic rocks have been found to widely outcrop on the central-northern Lhasa Terrane, Tibet. These sedimentary rocks faithfully encoded information on a series of ma...

Biodiversity in China top

【Biodiversity in China】Published: Sept. 22, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 2941 25

The catalogue of county-level seed plants in northwest Yunnan

Li Wenqing, Yin Zhaoji, Chen Kaiyun et al.
Keywords: northwest Yunnan;seed plants;county-level;catalogue
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0023.zh

Abstract:Located in the southern part of Hengduan Mountains, northwest Yunnan is one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots. However, despite its rich plant diversity, the region has been understudied as a lo...

Other Data Paper top

【Other Data Paper】Published: Sept. 17, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 4683 92

A dataset of township-level population density in China (2010)

Wang Juanle, Wang Xiaojie, Wang Mingming et al.
Keywords: demography;population density;spatial distribution;township-level;China
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0013.zh

Abstract:Township is so far the smallest unit for official demographic statistics in China. When correlated with administrative boundary, demographic data can be used to analyze the spatial distribution of ...

【Other Data Paper】Published: Aug. 18, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 5523 176

A dataset for detection and tracking of dim aircraft targets through radar echo sequences

Song Zhiyong, Hui Bingwei, Fan Hongqi et al.
Keywords: dim target;target detection;target tracking;radar echo sequence;dataset
doi:10.11922/csdata.2019.0075.zh

Abstract:Radar detection and tracking of dim targets under clutter has been a hot yet difficult issue in the fields of military and civilian applications, such as low-altitude security prevention and contro...

【Other Data Paper】Published: Aug. 17, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 11168 397

A dataset for infrared detection and tracking of dim-small aircraft targets under ground / air background

Hui Bingwei, Song Zhiyong, Fan Hongqi et al.
Keywords: infrared dim-small target;fixed wing target;target detection;target tracking;infrared image sequence
doi:10.11922/csdata.2019.0074.zh

Abstract:Infrared detection and tracking of dim-small targets has been a major content of military application studies concerning, for example, long-range precision strike, aerospace defense confrontation, ...

【Other Data Paper】Published: Aug. 9, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 3409 47

A dataset of human footprint over the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau during 1990–2015

Duan Quntao, Luo Lihui
Keywords: Qinghai-Tibet Plateau;human activity intensity;human footprint
doi:10.11922/csdata.2019.0082.zh

Abstract:In the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP) where the ecological system is fragile and sensitive, increasing human activities have led to a series of ecological and environmental issues, which provoked soci...

【Other Data Paper】Published: Aug. 7, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 2498 19

A dataset of centennial figures in the history of Nanjing

Guo Chang, Hu Di, Du xiaohan et al.
Keywords: historical GIS;profile of figures;spatio-temporal data;historical culture;Nanjing
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0001.zh

Abstract:Profile data is the basis for studies of historical figures in this information age. This study draws sources from published materials including Biography of Academic Figures in Nanjing During t...

Chinese Ecosystem Research Network top

【Chinese Ecosystem Research Network】Published: Aug. 28, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 1436 10

A dataset of soil moisture under continuous fertilization in loess hilly area (1997–2011)

Li Gouxia, Wu Ruijun, Jiang Jun et al.
Keywords: Loess Plateau;loessial soil;continuous fertilization;soil moisture
doi:10.11922/csdata.2020.0012.zh

Abstract:Loessial soil is the major type of cultivated land in the loess hilly and gully area of northern Shaanxi. It has a thick soil layer which can store a large amount of rainwater. It acts as the “mois...

【Chinese Ecosystem Research Network】Published: Aug. 24, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 2570 18

A dataset of soil moisture content change in typical purple soil hilly areas in southwest China from 2009 to 2018

Zhang Xifeng, TANG Jia-liang, Gao Meirong et al.
Keywords: purple soil;soil water moisture;long-term monitoring;dataset
doi:10.11922/csdata.2019.0068.zh

Abstract:Soil water is the main carrier of particle, colloid and substance transport in farmland soil ecosystem. Besides, it is also a key factor for material exchange and energy transfer in soil-plant-atmo...

【Chinese Ecosystem Research Network】Published: Aug. 9, 2020 Volume 5, Issue 3 2204 24

A dataset of water pH and total dissolved solid contents of Chinese Ecosystem Research Network during 2004–2016

Liu Xuyan, Tang Xinzhai, Zhu Zhilin et al.
Keywords: Chinese Ecosystem Research Network (CERN);field stations;pH;TDS;precipitation;surface water;groundwater
doi:10.11922/csdata.2019.0067.zh

Abstract:Water pH and total dissolved solid (TDS) contents are important monitoring indicators of the Chinese Ecosystem Research Network (CERN). The long-term measurements of pH and TDS are important data f...